The running girl is Diana, the goddess of the hunt from Roman mythology. In Greek mythology her name was Artemis, twin sister to Apollo.
Carl Milles made two fountains with Diana. The first, which includes a figure of Diana, was completed at the end of the 1920s and stands in the courtyard of the Tändstickspalatset on Västra Trädgårdsgatan in Stockholm. The relatively small sculpture stands raised high in the air and turning to her right. She is not raised high by a pillar, but by a pedestal transformed into a tree, carrying in it a fountain bowl. In the lower part of the fountain there are sleeping animals and at the sides of the courtyard there is a boar and a deer, which can also be viewed on the upper terrace at Millesgården.
A few years later, Carl Milles received a commission for a sculpture of Diana for a large office building in Chicago. He created a new version of the goddess, here turning to the left. The lower section also differs, with several basins, one inside the other. The sculpture now resides at the University of Illinois in Urbana Champaign, Illinois.
Throughout the ages, artists have depicted a clothed Diana, or Artemis. She was the goddess of chastity. There is a myth about the huntsman Actaeon, who happens to glimpse her bathing naked in the waters. The goddess becomes so enraged that she changes Actaeon into a stag and sets his own hounds on him, tearing him to pieces. Could it be that Diana´s nakedness in Milles sculptures portray the precise moment when Actaeon catches a glimpse of her. Diana, or Artemis, is not only the goddess of the hunt. She is also the moon goddess and is often portrayed with a moon.